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Geography & Travel

Planet Earth contains some extraordinarily diverse environments, some of which are easily habitable and some not so much. In different areas of Earth, one might find sweltering deserts, dense tropical rainforests, or bone-chilling tundras. Each biome and habitat comes with its own selection of flora and fauna, and it may include physical features such as canyons, volcanoes, rivers, or caves. Human beings have built homes in many different environments, settling the area and organizing it into units such as cities, states, regions, and countries, each with its own points of interest. Shifting trends in human migration have resulted in a human geography that is profoundly different from that of centuries ago.
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Featured content, April 12, 2021

Why New York Is Called "The Big Apple" and How 8 Other Famous Cities Got Their Nicknames
What’s so apple-y about New York, anyway?
#WTFact / Geography & Travel
Sydney Opera House, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales, Australia.
What Is Known (and Not Known) About the Bermuda Triangle
People have been trying to solve the “mystery” of the Bermuda Triangle for years. Here’s what we know (and don’t know) about...
Companion / Geography & Travel
Big Sur. Pacific Ocean. Waves. Beach. Point Sur on the Pacific coastline near Big Sur, California.
Which Waters Do You Pass Through When You “Sail the Seven Seas”?
Here’s a hint: It depends on when you’re sailing them.
Demystified / Geography & Travel
Sailboat against a beautiful landscape
Seattle: 10 Claims to Fame
Learn fun facts about the Emerald City!
List / Geography & Travel
Seattle, Washington
Glacier
Glacier, any large mass of perennial ice that originates on land by the recrystallization of snow or other forms of solid...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Perito Moreno Glacier
Asia
Asia, the world’s largest and most diverse continent. It occupies the eastern four-fifths of the giant Eurasian landmass....
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Asia
Geography
Geography, the study of the diverse environments, places, and spaces of Earth’s surface and their interactions. It seeks...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
camel; Pyramids of Giza
African Americans
African Americans, one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States. African Americans are mainly of African...
Encyclopedia / Geography & Travel
Barack Obama: 2008 election night rally

Geography & Travel Quizzes

Pakistan Monument is a landmark in Islamabad which represents the four provinces of Pakistan.
Countries and Capitals Quiz
How well do you know the world’s capital cities? In this quiz you’ll be presented with the names of 195 capital cities. You’ll...
Flag of Canada
Quick Quiz: Canada
Canada’s landmass is big, but this quiz is not. Test what you know about Canadian geography.
The flag of the European Union
Know Your European Geography Quiz
What’s the longest river in Europe? Where is Gdańsk? Get ready to prove what you know about the geography (and history) of...
Encyclopaedia Britannica thistle graphic to be used with a Mendel/Consumer quiz in place of a photograph.
Quick Quiz: Central American Geography
Central America consists of seven countries (and sometimes part of an eighth), but this quiz includes only two questions....
Rural Irish landscape, Sligo, Ireland.
Geography of Ireland Quiz
Ireland is called the Emerald Isle because of its vividly green grasslands. This quiz will test what you know about some...
Church of Saint George (Bet Giyorgis), Lalibela, Ethiopia. UNESCO World Heritage site.
Geography of Africa Quiz
Where is Serengeti National Park? What is Rhodesia called today? Find out by taking this quiz about Africa.
Sugar Loaf and Botafogo Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Exploring South America Quiz
What’s the southernmost point of South America? What’s its highest peak? Find your way through South America with this quiz.
Encyclopaedia Britannica thistle graphic to be used with a Mendel/Consumer quiz in place of a photograph.
Know Your Geographers (and One Demographer) Quiz
Britannica defines the goal of geography...
Flag of Australia
Quick Quiz: Australian Geography
Australia is nearly 2,500 miles (4,000 km) from east to west. This quiz is considerably smaller. Find out how quickly you...
Relief sculpture of Assyrian (Assyrer) people in the British Museum, London, England.
Geography of the Middle East Quiz
Where is the Sea of Galilee located? Where is the site of Mesopotamia? Take this quiz and test your geographical mettle....
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Geography & Travel
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Geography & Travel Subcategories

Riyadh Cities & Towns
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Ukraine Countries of the World
Although there isn’t universal agreement on the question of what qualifies as a “country,” it is generally accepted that in order to be a country, a state must be a sovereign unit that has a permanent population, defined territorial boundaries, a government, and the ability to enter into agreements with other states. Even when these conditions are met, however, internationally recognized independence is not a given, and a territorial entity that declares itself to be an independent country is not always recognized as such by the rest of the world.
Articles
ancient Rome Historical Places
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument Highways & Trails
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Distribution of North American Plateau Indians Human Geography
Since 1945 human geography has contained five main divisions. The first four—economic, social, cultural, and political—reflect both the main areas of contemporary life and the social science disciplines with which geographers interact (i.e., economics, sociology, anthropology, and political science and international relations, respectively); the fifth is historical geography.
Articles
Some of the pictorial signs used at the 1984 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles, Calif. Languages
Language, a system of conventional spoken, manual, or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, express themselves. The functions of language include communication, the expression of identity, play, imaginative expression, and emotional release.
Articles
Mount St. Helens volcano Physical Geography of Land
Earth’s geographic history has been one marked by significant overall change, with ice ages, continental drift, and other major disruptions ultimately shaping Earth's land into the landscape of mountain ranges, deserts, islands, and volcanoes that we see today.
Articles
Arctic. Greenland. North Pole. Political map: boundaries, cities. Includes locator. Physical Geography of Water
Whether it's Lake Michigan, the Gulf of Panama, or the River Thames, bodies of water of all shapes and sizes can be found around the globe, and they play a critical role for human beings, who use such bodies of water as a source of drinking water, a means of transporting both goods and people themselves, or a place to engage in water sports, among a plethora of other possible uses. Additionally, many bodies of water provide striking scenes of natural beauty and house important marine ecosystems. Satiate your thirst for knowledge about Earth's oceans, lakes, seas, rivers, waterfalls, bays, and more.
Articles
Hiker in Sequoia National Park in the Sierra Nevada, east-central California. Nature Reserves & National Parks
Nature reserves are areas set aside for the purpose of preserving and protecting plants and animals, particularly endangered species. National parks may effectively serve a similar purpose by shielding threatened species from hunters, but these parks can also be created for the purpose of public recreation, affording its visitors a chance to be immersed in a protected natural environment. Many national parks have been created in the last 100 years, including Yellowstone National Park, the oldest and probably the best-known national park in the United States.
Articles
Flag of Queensland States & Other Subdivisions
Every nation has its own subdivisions to demarcate smaller political units within its territory. Counties, districts, oblasts, polis, nomos, unitary authorities, boroughs, and cities are all examples (among many others) of how land can be organized.
Articles
Northern Africa. Political/Physical map: regional, elevation. Geographic Regions
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
Big Ben Tourist Attractions
This general category includes a selection of more specific topics.
Articles
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